Agritechnology Contributing to the Increase
in Food Production
Transition of the World Population and Food Supply and Demand

According to the UN, the current world population of 7.1 billion is projected to increase by more than 2.2 billion and reach 9.3 billion by 2050. The population increase is remarkable in developing countries, especially in Africa and Asia. The population of India is expected to top the list in 2028, surpassing that of China. Along with the population growth, the demand for cereals is also expected to increase.

In comparison with 1970s, the world cereal production in 2010 doubled and reached 2.2 billion tons, while the harvested area plateaued. This was achieved by the advancement of agricultural production technologies that enabled 2.2 times higher crop yields.

Chart: World population and demand for cereals

Table.1: World population and demand for cereals

Source: United Nations Population Fund, FAO "World agriculture towards 2030/2050"

Chart: Cereal crops area and crop yield per area

Table.2: Cereal crops area and crop yield per area

According to the projections of the FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization), we have to increase overall food production by 70% to feed the world population in 2050. Only 10% of this 70% increase is expected to come from land expansion, while the remaining 90% should come from higher crop yields.

Source: United Nations Population Fund, FAO "World agriculture towards 2030/2050"

Page Top